Mostly large insects like butterflies, flying ants, dragonflies, grasshoppers and beetles, that the species captures in the air with its nails over the islands and the sea, consist the Eleonora’s Falcon food, until late July when spawning is complete. Due to the low availability of food, the species is forced to cross large distances, often reaching croplands of the large islands and the mainland. During the next period, and until October, it feeds exclusively on migratory birds, a food source that is, theoretically, infinite.